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Topics - mojo

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UFO / The Communication Problem With Contacting An Alien Race
« on: March 18, 2016, 03:35:03 AM »
The Fermi paradox or Fermi's paradox, named after Enrico Fermi, is the apparent contradiction between high estimates of the probability of the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations, such as in the Drake equation, and the lack of evidence for such civilizations.[1] The basic points of the argument, made by physicists Enrico Fermi (1901–1954) and Michael H. Hart (born 1932), are:

    There are billions of stars in the galaxy that are similar to the Sun [2][3] including many billions of years older than Earth.[4][5]
    With high probability, some of these stars will have Earth-like planets,[6][7] and if the Earth is typical, some might develop intelligent life.
    Some of these civilizations might develop interstellar travel, a step the Earth is investigating now.
    Even at the slow pace of currently envisioned interstellar travel, the Milky Way galaxy could be completely traversed in about a million years.[8]



Fermi's basic question of 'Where are they', was made during lunch with several other scientists. The implications of the question were fairly obvious to those who heard them with out his needing to break down the meaning of the question. Every one understood he was talking about why the Earth doesn't have recorded proof, known to the public, of some other galactic civilization in existence. The basics were, why haven't we been visited and why don't we know about it.

The basics behind the statement are that if a civilization developed a star drive of some sort, even a generation ship and colonized a new planet, and if that planet as well as the host planet that launched the ship then created another when they had the capabilities, within a million years or so of geometric progression, the entire Milky Way galaxy should be populated. Given that at some point we should have had a knock on the door so to say.

Yet everything we've done, gives no clue that we are not alone as far as an intelligence goes. We've tried radio searches, we've tried sending a message through both a wandering interstellar space craft (which admittedly won't be seen by other intelligences even if they exists for thousands of years), we've tried beaming a signal at what we believe to be the most likely candidates for life, we've listened to the galactic bands, but nothing we've tried has given forth results that indicate anything other than we are alone. So where are they?

We can go wild in speculation of 'what ifs' but the real thing comes down to we only know one kind of life that is proven to exist; ours. If there are other kinds of life, such as silicon based, rather than carbon based, it is speculation, no more, no less, with no proof of any kind such can/does happen. This is why NASA and all the other space agencies look for life as we know it. It's the one proven way.

Sometimes I like to speculate on the why's of this. For instance I believe there is a window if such another civilization exists, where contact is possible. Outside that window, there is no chance to recognize an alien signal as being from an intelligence. The most obvious example of this is a technological progression. You can't send a radio signal to a caveman and expect an answer. The caveman is simply not equipped to receive much less answer.

In the same way an advanced civilization wouldn't be recognized either as intelligent communications. In the era of the late 1800's early 1900's we are communicating with ships by Marconi's morse code with the new technology of wireless communications. The stronger the broadcast signal, the further you could reach out to sea to contact a ship. Those made sure that we had started an ever expanding globe of radio signals leaving this planet. Then came radio, where voices could be heard and code was no longer necessary. This followed in fairly rapid progression with TV, where not only were voices heard but images as well. Each time signals were ever more powerful as well as on different bands of the spectrum. Each advance complicated the signal but still appearing to the watchful as from an intelligent source.

Then came satellite bounces from earth to satellite back to earth. Only now the signals are less strong and they are being redirected back inwards, not outwards. Those signals being directed towards the satellite are now narrow band and unless you just happen to be in the right place, with super sensitive equipment, you're not going to receive them, if you were our alien equivalent looking for signs of intelligence. But it doesn't stop here.

Along comes pay for view and the broadcast companies need some way to keep people who don't pay from watching. So encryption comes along to answer that and suddenly your signal no longer makes so much sense. This progression keeps happening. It gets faster and faster to the changes as time goes along. Next thing you have is encoded signals where two signals are buried in one transmission. Think of it as two different stations on the same broadcast. One polarized differently than the other. Now we are looking at quantum entanglement. The idea that if two electrons are entangled, that time is not a factor in telling the difference in states. It's the basis for the next instantaneous communications with distant objects and theoretically should work should we have a colony on a different planet that there would be no time lag at all in communications. While the technology is still in it's infancy today, that's our future. How would you intercept this so called signal to tell it was communications?

This is my point on a window where communications are possible to be detected of an alien race. You try outside that window and you get nothing. One side or the other is incapable of recognizing the signal as being from intelligence.

Interesting Parallels Between The Cannabis and File-Sharing Debates

The other topic brought a bit of response so lets float another and see how it goes. Every once in a while this author floats a new editorial, which I always love to read his comments/thoughts on. Every one of them floats out some new idea or discusses topics in a way you are not usually exposed to.

The author, Rick Falvinge, is the originator of the idea of the party party in politics. He hails from Sweden.

Food / Egg Casserole
« on: March 13, 2016, 07:57:07 AM »
Egg Casserole


1 lb bacon, cooked & crumbled
1 dozen extra lg eggs
2 c Pepperidge Farm seasoned croutons
3 1/2 c milk (skim is okay)
1/2 tsp salt
1/2 tsp pepper
1/2 tsp thyme
6 oz shredded cheddar cheese


Butter a 10"x14" pan layer croutons first, cheese next.  Mix eggs with milk and spices and pour over top.  Add crumbled bacon.  Bake at 350 degrees for 1 hour.  Done when knife comes out clean.  Can mix night before and let set for next day.

Homemade croutons

[Not exactly sure where to put this or if it should even be posted on this site. Let me float one out and we will see how it goes.]

Usenet Provider and BREIN Continue Battle Over Piracy Keyword Filter

This is an article over a court fight between the Dutch anticopyright organization called Brein (means brain in Dutch) and a Usenet provider. In it Brein is demanding that keywords be used to eliminate links to infringing material. News-Service.com has said doing so would be too expensive to do and it would have to shut down the service on the internet as a result. The court has issued a stay so that News-Service does not at this point have to initiate the keywords filter while it is being decided in court or to go dark in the internet. Of course Brein wants to say everyone else does it so it has to be done here.

I'd like to point out what is not being said by Brein. News-Service is not posting infringing content. It's users of the service are. This is a case where laws of a nation have carefully been picked as to where to take the case. In the US, this would not hold up in court and would be thrown out. Safe Harbor Law says the hoster of a service is not responsible for the uses of its' service by individuals outside the company.

Since the internet is global in reach, the decision of this court won't just be effective for this one country of The Netherlands but rather, every copyright holder globally will be able to send take down requests and expect News-Service to attend to them. Failure to do so, will have Brein back in court to see it upheld.

The problem News-Service says is it's not feasible to do this keyword filtering. For one thing they have a point. To illustrate it, I'd like to point to Google. Google receives something like 100,000 requests per hour to remove links from the search engine results. Google has the funds to hire a complete section of people to tend to this. This option is not available to smaller outfits.

Worse is there are no penalties for false claims for infringing links. When a mistake is made and caught, those sending in the links just say, "oh well" and continue to send in more links. But often the links are not to a single hyperlink but rather to a site address, meaning that if Google were to ok this request, a site on the internet would just disappear from search results, which is not the purpose for the DMCA law in the US, which similar laws have been inserted into trade treaties signed by other countries to observe. One of the purposes is not to remove sites from search engine results but rather to remove results from that one link.

These submissions are by large not done by human hands but rather by bots that crawl the internet looking for infringing content. The programming of many bots make some serious mistakes, such as using keywords that have sites show up that have nothing to do with infringement. The source site for this article is one such that is often taken off line even though they host no infringement links at all but rather discuss the issues surrounding copyright and it's results to the internet in general.

What becomes a rib tickler at times is the bots will list legal authorized sites such as the home page of one of the labels, studios, or a site for purchasing such digital goods. So mistakes are made and they are not that rare. Google often refuses to take a mistaken link down. This is a chancy move in the US as it opens the company that fails to take a link down on request to the same penalties as the infringer if the infringer is taken to court and found guilty. Those Google refuses to remove are most probably checked over by a legal department before refusal as the owners of the bots do not take Google to court over refusing to remove links. Especially when it is one of the official authorized site links where a mistake has been made.

Food / Cheese Wafers
« on: March 09, 2016, 11:14:59 AM »
Cheese Wafers


2 c flour, sifted
1 lb cheddar cheese, sharp, grated
1 1/2 tsp red pepper
1 tsp hot sauce
1 stick margarine
1/2 tsp salt
1 c pecans, chopped


Mix all together, shape, chill, slice, bake at 400 F for about 10 minutes.

Plants / Wild Flowers
« on: March 09, 2016, 09:26:45 AM »
These are wild flowers that spring up in the yard every year. These will be out for a week or so, then some of the new varieties will show up. These were taken in my yard just to show you as they are now blooming. Some didn't come out due to poor photographic skills and a bright sun that washed out the view screen so I could not tell exactly what I was imaging.

A little later in the season, the purple ones you see in the last image will be everywhere. When you look at it from a long distance angle you won't see grass, you'll see a purple ground cover.

I mowed my grass last week. That's how fast this stuff grows.

Plants / Desert Rose
« on: March 09, 2016, 03:29:23 AM »
The Desert Rose is a house plant. One that can not stand lower temps. It blooms once a year.

Food / Cole Slaw
« on: March 07, 2016, 02:26:27 AM »
Cole Slaw


1/2 c mayonnaise
1/3 c granulated sugar
1/4 c milk
1/4 c buttermilk
2 1/2 tablespoons lemon juice
1 1/2 tablespoons white vinegar
1/2 tsp salt
1/8 tsp pepper
8 cs finely chopped cabbage (about 1 head)
1/4 c shredded carrot (1 medium carrot)
2 tablespoons minced onion


Be sure cabbage and carrots are chopped up into very fine pieces (about the size of rice). Combine the mayonnaise, sugar, milk, buttermilk, lemon juice, vinegar, salt, and pepper in a large bowl and beat until smooth. Add the cabbage, carrots, and onion, and mix well. Cover and refrigerate for at least 2 hours before serving.

Buttermilk Substitute

Put 1 tbs lemon juice or white vinegar in a cup. Add enough milk to nearly fill the cup. Stir. Wait 5 minutes before using. Use however much is needed for your recipe.

Food / Tiger Butter (Microwave)
« on: March 05, 2016, 01:27:52 AM »
Tiger Butter (Microwave)


16 ounces white chocolate, chopped
3/4 cup crunchy peanut butter
1 cup milk chocolate chips


Butter a 15 x 10-inch pan; set aside.

Place white chocolate in a medium-size microwave-safe bowl. Microwave on HIGH until melted, stirring frequently. Stir in peanut butter. Spread into prepared pan. Drizzle with melted milk chocolate chips, stirring through mixture to create a marbled effect. Let stand until set. Break into bite-size pieces.

Food / All Day Chicken (Slow cooker)
« on: March 03, 2016, 08:52:32 AM »
Crock Pot All Day Chicken


2 tbls Frozen orange juice
2 cups Chicken Stock
1 teaspoon Salt
1/4 teaspoon Pepper
1/2 cup Tomato paste
2 tbls Soy sauce
2 tbls Brown sugar
2 Cloves garlic, minced
1 dash Allspice

Remaining ingredients

4 lbs. Chicken, breasts and thighs
1/4 pound Mushrooms, sliced
2 tbls Margarine or butter
11 ozs mandarin orange sections, drained
1/2 medium to large bell pepper, sliced lengthwise
1/4 tsp Ground ginger
3 tbls Cornstarch
1/4 cup Cold milk
1/4 cup Cold water


Marinade: The night before you plan on slow cooking your dinner, mix together the marinade ingredients in a large, closeable container large enough to also hold the chicken pieces. When marinade is thoroughly mixed, add the chicken, close container and refrigerate until morning.

In the morning place the chicken in the slow cooker on low and cover. 6 to 8 hours later, turn the cooker to high. About an hour later, saute the sliced mushrooms in the margarine or butter. Then add the mushroom (with pan juices), mandarin sections, green pepper and ginger into the slow cooker and stir thoroughly. Mix together the cornstarch, milk, cold water, then gradually add into the slow cooker while stirring until the entire mixture thickens a bit. Re-cover the slow cooker and let simmer for 15 to 30 minutes until serving. Serve with baby carrots and small new potatoes.

Food / Chicken Stew (Slow cooker)
« on: March 03, 2016, 08:44:10 AM »
Chicken Stew


2 tablespoons olive oil
6 slices bacon, diced
8 ouces mushrooms, sliced
1 red bell pepper, cut in 1-inch squares (or use roasted red peppers from jar)
1 green bell pepper, cut in 1-inch squares
1 bunch green onions sliced in 1/2-inch, about half of green included
4 chicken breast halves, boneless, cut in 1/2- to 1-inch chunks
1 can (4oz) sliced ripe olives
2 tablespoons balsamic vinegar
3 tablespoons tomato paste
1 (14.5 oz) can tomatoes
1/4 cup chicken broth
1/2 teaspoon dried ground marjoram
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon pepper or mixture of black and red pepper


Heat olive oil in a large skillet; saute bacon until browned. Add mushrooms, peppers, and green onions and saute for a minute. Add vinegar and cook 1 minute more, scraping up the browned bits from the bottom of the pan. Set aside.

Place chicken in a 3 1/2 -quart or larger slow cooker. Add sauteed bacon and vegetable mixture to the pot, then the olives. Combine the remaining ingredients in a bowl and mix. Pour over chicken and vegetables in the slow cooker. Cover and cook on low for 8 to 10 hours.

Other topics / Those who have questions about the USA...
« on: March 02, 2016, 09:21:24 AM »
This was brought up in pm to me that maybe some of the members of the forum would like to know about the USA from a native's perspective. You never really know a culture unless you grow up in it. For instance, I and many of my fellow citizens have a hard time understanding some of China's ways. Of course we have to take into allowance that we may not be getting the real feel of culture from our media. But those who live in a country are the ones that best understand it.

I may not be the typical citizen as far as I don't live in the big city. I live in a small village or town, every small. I also live in an arid climate and this is our rainy season which won't last much longer. All of these environmental differences make huge disparities in how someone sees their world and what they do to adjust to it. 

But if you have questions, ask away. Some I probably won't know the answer to, some may mean something different to me than to my peers.

Food / Almond Jelly
« on: March 02, 2016, 05:36:44 AM »
Almond Jelly


1 packet Agar agar powder
1 c Sugar
4 c Water
4 tbs Evaporated milk
1 tsp Almond essence
½ c Fruit cocktail or longans


Boil 4 cups of water and add 1 cup of sugar into a saucepan on high flame. Sprinkle the agar agar powder on top of the water and stir well. Bring to the boil, stirring continuously. When boiled, reduce the flame and add evaporated milk and almond essence Pour into rinsed jelly mould and leave to set. Chill before serving with fruit cocktail or longans.

Food / Muffins
« on: March 02, 2016, 05:26:21 AM »


5 c flour
1 tsp salt
3 c sugar
1 qt buttermilk
1-15oz box Raisin Bran
4 eggs
5 tsp baking soda
1 c melted shortening


Mix by hand. Store batter in refrig up to 6 weeks. Spray muffin pans with
Pam, fill 3/4 full and bake at 400 degrees for 12-15 minutes. Freezes well

Food / Crockpot Cider Beef Stew
« on: March 01, 2016, 05:39:50 AM »
Crockpot Cider Beef Stew


1 1/2 to 2 pounds lean beef stew meat
8 carrots, sliced thin
6 medium potatoes, sliced thin
2 apples, chopped
2 teaspoons salt
1/2 teaspoon thyme
1/2 cup chopped onion
2 cups apple cider


Place carrots, potatoes, and apples in Crock Pot. Add meat and sprinkle with salt, thyme, and chopped onion. Pour cider over meat. Cover and cook on LOW heat for 8 to 10 hours. Thicken juices with a flour and cold water mixture (about 1 1/2 to 2 tablespoons flour and 2 tablespoons water), cooking on HIGH in slow cooker until thickened (or transfer to a large stockpot over medium heat and cook down juices then thicken.

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