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31
Health / Re: Everything about Aerobics
« Last post by Non-SEO on September 08, 2021, 12:45:20 AM »
Basic left and Basic right

Basic left and Basic right are both easy and I like them very much!

1. Basic left

The left foot is the lead foot and is the first to be placed on the bench as well as the first to move off the bench and onto the floor.

In other words, the Basic left starts in front of a horizontal bench.

This move is done in 4 phases:

1. Step up on bench with left foot.
2. Step up on bench with right foot.
3. Step down backwards to the floor with left foot.
4. Step down backwards to the floor with right foot.

2. Basic right

The right foot is the lead foot and is the first to be placed on the bench as well as the first to move off the bench and onto the floor.

In other words, the Basic right starts in front of a horizontal bench.

This move is done in 4 phases:

1. Step up on bench with right foot.
2. Step up on bench with left foot.
3. Step down backwards to the floor with right foot.
4. Step down backwards to the floor with left foot.
32
Health / Re: Everything about Aerobics
« Last post by Non-SEO on September 07, 2021, 01:32:41 AM »
Now let's pay attention to the Reverse V-step (Reverse V-turn).

The Reverse V-step is similar to a V-step - you step up wide with both feet, but you also turn as you step up, so that you end up facing the opposite direction from when you started.

This move is done in 4 phases:

1. Step across and up on the bench with your lead foot, and begin to turn your body.
2. Finish the turn as you bring your other foot on top of the bench. (You are now on top of the bench and facing the opposite direction.)
3. Step down on the far side of the bench with your lead foot.
4. Step down with your other foot to the far side of the bench.

As you might have seen somewhere, this exercise requires a quick turning motion of the body on the board (which you cannot exactly see in this post). However it is quite simple. Step up on the bench with your lead foot placed diagonally on the bench. Begin to turn your body and time it so that the turn is completed by the time you bring your other foot on top of the bench. You will then have both feet on top of the bench and you will be facing the opposite direction from where you started off. This exercise can be executed from different sides of the bench as you may guess.
33
Philosophy / "What is the benefit of your philosophy degree and your knowledge?"
« Last post by MSL on September 07, 2021, 01:15:13 AM »

"What is the benefit of your philosophy degree and your knowledge?"


  I was born in a European socialist country. When I was a student, my parents, the books, the teachers, the media, everyone and everything, taught me/convinced me that knowledge is a value. I believed them. I still think so. I graduated at Philosophy. This major is a cultural major (i. e. a part of the culture. There is one view that states that culture is a sum of science + philosophy + the rest of knowledge). Personally, I like the scientific philosophy the most. My Master's degree is related to the philosophical anthropology. I read books every day, I learn some new information every day. I feel smarter every day. Really. Yes, but often, some people (I don't say "everyone", I just say "some") ask me, "Your philosophy degree and your knowledge..., what's the benefit?". Those who have studied philosophy and many of the people, who are clever enough, know that this question is a pragmatic (or utilitarian) question. For the pragmatists (or the utilitarianist) "It's no use.", "It's no meaning."  (For those kind of people "No use = no meaning.")  I'm a socialism oriented man. However, I feel how difficult it is to explain that my knowledge and diploma have a benefit, because I am a relatively poor person. There isn't a person who would want to buy my philosophical knowledge. That is why some people (those mentioned above) also think that "This person is poor, hence his knowledge and diploma are useless." This is the logical error called in Latin "Argumentum ad crumenam" (which can be applied/interpreted one way or another, but let me choose this way to explain it: "If you're rich, you're right, and if you're poor, you're not", or "If you're so smart, why aren't you rich?" Frankly, I do not agree with such arguments, but I do understand those men and women who think in this way. In many modern societies, a person without money (or without any other capital) is a person without opportunities. Here, for example, one can understand things like Confucius, Dialectics, elementary particles, Gambler's fallacy (in Chinese it's "赌徒谬误"), Vazov, Andromeda constellation, Verdi, a few foreign languages and so on, but this deep and varied (broad) knowledge has no bearing on his/her income. Everything (goods and services) wants money, not knowledge. For example, getting on the bus is supposed to buy a ticket, not to recite the new poem you just wrote; When you go to buy bread (rice, macaroni or something like these), the sellers also want you to pay with money, not to tell them about the Etymological fallacy (in Chinese it's "词源谬误") you've learned, for example; When you go to buy a book, the bookshops want you to pay with money, not, for example, to tell them about the history of the western opera you're studying. So, clearly, "you have money = you have goods, you have services", but if you're just one of those who have knowledge, it doesn't guarantee that you'll be able to get both goods and services. So, nowadays, the lives of the rich but not very clever persons are better compared to the lives of the smart but poor persons. But, hey, having knowledge makes sense. It IS a good thing. For example, those who have knowledge at least know how to avoid simple mistakes made by those who have no knowledge. For instance, some rich fool doesn't wash his hands, so he gets sick, he dies early. A smart man, though poor, washes his hands, so he doesn't get too sick, he doesn't die so early. Another example -- the rich fool doesn't know which foreign country is dangerous and randomly emigrates to a dangerous country after which he regrets. The smart guy slowly learns where it's dangerous, where it's safe, and then he doesn't regret it. So, definitely having knowledge is meaningful and useful. But this meaningfulness and this usefulness are not easy to understand. This kind of meaningfulness and usefulness are almost invisible (because most people, in general, are not very educated).
In conclusion: I know that a poor person's life is difficult and painful; I want to be rich too, but please don't tell me that my knowledge and diploma are useless. In many societies today, these things are less important than money, but they are still valuable!
34

"Твоята философска диплома и твоите знания каква полза имат?"


Аз бях роден в една европейска социалистическа държава. Когато бях малък родители, книги, учители, медии, всички и всичко, ме учеха/убеждаваха, че знанието (знанията) е ценност. Аз им вярвах. Аз и досега така смятам. Завърших "Философия". Тази специалност е една културна (част от културата) специалност (има едно гледище, което постановява, че културата е сбор от наука + философия + останалото знание). Аз лично най-мнгого обичам научната философия. Магистратурата ми е свързана с философската антропология. Всеки ден чета книги, ежедневно научавам някаква нова информация. Чувствам се по-умен с всеки изминат ден. Наистина. Да, обаче, често някои (не казвам "всички", само казвам "някои") ме питат: "Твоята философска диплома и твоите знания каква полза имат?" Тези, които са учили философия и много от хората, които разбират нещата, знаят, че този въпрос е един прагматичен (или утилитаристичен) въпрос. За прагматиците (или уталитаристите) "Няма полза = няма смисъл." ("Няма полза = безсмислено.") Аз не съм прагматик, нито утилитарист. Аз съм социалистически настроен човек. Обаче чувствам как трудно е да обясня, че моите знания и диплома имат полза, защото аз съм един сравнително-беден човек. Няма човек, който може да поиска да си купи философските ми познания. Та затова и онези (някои) хора смятат, че "Тоя е беден = неговите знания и специалност нямат полза." Това е логическата грешка наречена латински "Argumentum ad crumenam" (което може да се прилага/тълкува по един или друг начин, но значи, че ако си богат, то си прав, а ако си беден не си или пък "Като си толкова умен, що нямаш пари?")... Честно казано не съм съгласен с такива аргументи, ама проявявам разбиране към мислещите по този начин мъже и жени. В много от съвременните общества човек без пари (или без друг някакъв капитал) е човек без възможности. Ето, например, някой може да разбира от неща като: конфуцианство, диалектика, елементарни частици, комарджийската заблуда (на английски - "gambler's fallacy", а на китайски - "赌徒谬误"), Вазов, съзвездието Андромеда, Верди, няколко чужди езика и т. н., но това дълбоко и разнообразно (широко) знание няма някакво отношение към доходите на човека. Всичко (стоки и услуги) иска пари. Не ще знания. Например да се качиш на автобуса трябва да си купиш билет за еди-колко си пари, а не да им рецитираш новото стихотворение, което току-що си написал; като отидеш да си купуваш хляб (ориз, макарони или нещо подобно), също искат да си платиш с пари, а не да им кажеш за научената от теб етимологична логическа грешка ("etymological fallacy" на английски, а на китайски - "词源谬误"); когато отидеш да си купиш книга също искат да си платиш с пари, а не, примерно, да им кажеш за историята на западната опера, която учиш. Тъй че, ясно е "Имаш пари = имаш стоки и услуги", но ако си просто от онези, които имат знания, това не ти гарантира, че ще се заимаш и със стоки, и услуги. Така че, в днешно време, животът на богатите сравнен с живота на умните, но бедни, е по-добър. Обаче да имаш знание има смисъл, бе! Има и полза, бе! Примерно тези, които имат знание, знаят поне как да избягват прости грешки, които допускат онези, които нямат знание. Примерно някой богат глупак не си мие ръцете, затова  се разболява, рано умира. Умният, макар и беден човек, си мие ръцете, затова и не се разболява твърде много,  не умира толкова рано. Друг пример - богатият глупак не знае коя чужбина е опасна и произволно емигрира в някоя опасна държава след което съжалява. Умният човек, лека-полека изучава къде е опасно, къде е безопасно, та после не съжалява. Така че, определено като имаш знания е смислено и полезно. Само че този смисъл и тази полезност не са лесни за разбиране (узнаване). Този вид смисленост и полза са почти невидими (понеже повечето хора, като цяло, не са много образовани).
 В заключение: Знам, че животът на бедния човек е труден и болезнен; аз също искам да съм богат, но моля ви не казвайте, че знанието и дипломата ми са безполезни. В много от днешните общества тези неща сравнени с парите са по-маловажни, но все пак са ценност!
35
其它信息 / “你的哲学毕业证和你的知识有甚么用?”
« Last post by MSL on September 05, 2021, 05:42:27 AM »
“你的哲学毕业证和你的知识有甚么用?”

我出生了在个欧洲的社会主义的国家。小的时候父母,书本,媒体,老师们,都教了我知识是个价值。我也相信了知识是个价值。我还认为这样。我毕业了哲学。这个专业是一种文化的专业(有个看法说:文化是科学+哲学+其他人类的知识)。我自己最喜欢是科学的哲学。我的硕士是关于人类学的哲学。我天天看书,每天学习新的信息。我觉得我越来越聪明。真的。但是呢,经常,有人(我不说“全部的人",只有说“有些人”)问我:”你的哲学毕业证和你的知识有甚么用?“ 学过哲学的和好多懂事的人们知道这个问题是个功利主义的问题 (或实用主义的问题)。对实用主义的人(或功利主义的人)"没有用 = 没有意思"。我不是功利主义者,我不是实用主义者。我是社会主义的人。但是我觉得很难可以说明我的知识和我的毕业证有什么用,因为我就是个比较穷的人。没有人会付钱给我买我的哲学的知识。所以那些(有些)人们觉得”他穷=他的知识和专业没有用。“ 这个就是”使对方注意到金钱利益" (拉丁语的“Argumentum ad crumenam”)。 说实话,我不同意,可是我理解他们(她们)。在好多现代的社会没有钱的(或其他资本的)人就没有什么能力的人。比如你会懂:儒教,辩证法,基本粒子,赌徒谬误,伐佐夫,仙女座星系,威尔第, 几种外语,等等,但是这个深邃多样的知识对你的输入没有什么关系的。每一个服务,每一个物品需要钱。它们不需要知识。比如上公交车的时候要付钱1元,不要说刚才写的新的诗。去买大米的时候也要付钱,不要说学过的词源谬误。去买书本的时候也要付钱,不要说你学习的歌剧的历史。所以,清楚了:”有钱=有东西和有服务“,可是有知识不一定等于有什么东西或服务的。所以,现在,经常那些有钱的人们生活比好多有知识的穷人生活是更好的。但是有知识也有意思啊,也有用啊。比如有知识的人知道怎么不做简单的错误。比如有好多钱的笨蛋不洗手,所以生病,早去世。可是有知识的穷人洗手,所以不太生病,不太早去世。另外的例子:有好多钱的笨蛋不知道什么国家是危险的,所以随便移民在危险的国家,后来后悔。可是有知识的穷人慢慢学习什么国家安全,什么不安全,所以不会后悔。所以,肯定,有知识是有意思的,是有用的。可是这些意思和用不太容易看见,这类的意思和用的是差不多看不见的(就是因为大家,大多数,是没有那么有教育的)。
 结论: 我知道穷人的生活是痛苦的,我也要当个有钱的人。可是,请别说知识和毕业证是没有用的。在好多现代的社会知识和毕业证比钱是更没有用,但是还是个价值吧!
36
其它信息 / 为什么会有这么多人生病呢?
« Last post by MSL on September 05, 2021, 01:37:03 AM »

为什么会有这么多人生病呢?


为什么不奇怪有那么多病人呢?
原因大概可以两大方面来说:1、外因(比如基因或者外部环境),2、内因 (个人卫生生活习惯)。
外部原因我们经常很难克服或者有些不可能克服:身处在不太好的环境(比如有辐射和化学污染、妨碍休息和睡眠的噪音、某些工作场所不健康的心理氛围等)和遗传(DNA)。可是内因的(我们的日常行为有关)是容易控制的:卫生、营养、运动习惯等。并非每个人都有好的基因遗传;也不一定每个人都负担得起在一个健康的好地方和一个干净健康的家庭中生活,然而,我们自己本身能做的很多:锻炼,个人卫生,选对食物和饮料等。举个例子,有人总是吃一些不含足够维生素、矿物质等的包装食品,这些食品还可能有各种各样的“化学物质”。喝的饮料也一样。这一类人整天或许很少吃和喝健康的如汤、蔬菜沙拉、白肉、水果、天然绿茶等)。
同时他/她每天都盯着自己的手机,玩游戏、看视频或阅读,就是不想起来做任何运动——甚至于简单的体育锻炼,如跑步、健身操等。
个人卫生方面。想象一下,一个人的手触摸了周围的一切——他(她)的鞋子、公共交通工具的把手、摸狗、摸商店里未洗的产品,甚至从地上捡起掉下去的东西——然后,并没有洗手,沾满不同微生物、真菌、病毒和其他病原体的手指会摸他的嘴、抠鼻子、揉眼睛、挖耳朵。这一会儿他已经将大量病原体带到他的身体里了。有些人甚至手也不洗东西也不洗就吃,把脏东西(病原体)都吃进了胃里。如果这个人也吸烟喝烈性酒,他生病了,会有人感到惊讶吗?个人卫生差的人,从不运动的人,过度使用电子产品的人,无节制吃喝的人,吸烟喝烈性酒的人,他(她)们没有生病才是奇怪了。
37
Health / Why it's no wonder there are so many sick and ill people
« Last post by MSL on September 04, 2021, 02:07:01 AM »

Why it's no wonder there are so many sick and ill people


  Why it's no wonder there are so many sick and ill people? Well, the causes of the diseases can be divided into independent of the person and dependent of the person. Independent of the person are the environment (e.g. radiation and chemical pollution, noise that impedes rest and sleep, the unhealthy psychological climate in some workplaces, etc.) and the inheritance (DNA). And the dependant are linked to his/her behaviour: hygiene, nutrition, sports habits, etc. Not everyone's lucky enough to have a good DNA; not everyone's rich enough to afford a life in a healthy place and in a healthy home, Therefore, the reasons that do not depend on us are difficult to overcome (and sometimes it's impossible to overcome). This is not the case, however, for the reasons that depend on us: for example, to exercise, to be clean, to choose the right food and drink. Take for an example someone who has the following day -- all the time eats some packaged food that doesn't contain enough vitamins, minerals, etc. and on top of that, it's full of all kinds of "chemistry". His/her drinks are similar, too. Throughout the day, this kind of person does not eat or drink anything healthy (e.g. cooked soup, vegetable salad, white meat, fruit, natural green tea). The same person spends most of the day (and part of the night) staring at his or her phone, playing games, watching videos or reading something, but he/she never moves to do any sports -- at least simple physical exercises like running, push-ups, sit-ups, dumbbell workout or pull-ups. Imagine this person touching everything around -- his shoes, the handles in the public transport, some dogs, unwashed products in shops and even picks up fallen objects from the ground -- and then, without washing at all, with the same full of different microbes, fungi, viruses and other pathogenic fingers start poking into his mouth, nose, eyes, ears. In seconds, he/she injects a huge amount of pathogens into his/her body. Some people even eat with their hands without washing them, putting all kinds of pathogens directly into their stomachs. If the same person also smokes cigarettes and drinks hard alcohol, would anyone be surprised if he or she got sick? People with low hygiene, who don't exercise, who overuse their phones, who eat and drink whatever they can, who smoke and drink hard alcohol, it's rather strange if they don't get sick, not if they get sick.
38

Защо не е чудно, че има толкова често боледуващи хора


  Причините за болестите можем да ги разделим на независещи от човека и зависещи от него. Независещите от човека са околоната среда (например радиационни и химически замърсявания, шумовете, които пречат на почивката и съня, нездравословния психоклимат на някои работни места и т. н.) и наследствеността (ДНК-то), а зависещите от него са свързни с неговото поведение - хигиена, хранене, спортни навици и т. н. Не всеки е достатъчно късметлия да има добра ДНК, не всеки е достатъчно богат, за да може да си позволи живот на здравословно място и в здравословен дом, затова независещите от нас причини са трудни за преодоляване (а понякога и невъзможни за преодоляване). Не е така, обаче със зависещите от нас причини - например да спортуваме, да сме чисти, да избираме правилно хранене и пиене. Да вземем за пример някой, който има следния ден - през целия яде някаква пакетирана храна, която въобще не съдържа достатъчните за човека дневни дози витамини, минерали и пр., а на всичко отгоре е и пълна с най-различни "химии". Напитките му също са нещо подобно. През целия ден човекът не хапва и не пийва нищо здравословно (например готвена супа, салата от зеленчуци, бяло месо, плодове, натурален зелен чай). Същият човек прекарва голяма част от деня (и част от нощта) взирайки се в телефона си - играе игри, гледа видеота или чете нещо, но така и не се помръдва да направи някакъв спорт - поне прости физически упражнения като бягане, лицеви опори, коремни преси, вдигане на гири или набирания на лост. Представете си, че този човек пипа всичко наоколо - обувките си, дръжките в публичния транспорт, някои кучета, неизмити продукти по магазините и дори вдига паднали предмети от земята - и след това, без въобще да се измие, със същите тези бъкани с най-различни микроби, гъбички, вируси и други патогени пръсти започва да си бърка в устата, в носа, в очите, в ушите. За секунди вкарва в тялото си огромно количество патогени. Някои дори ядат с ръце без да са се измили, вкарвайки директно в стомаха си всякакви патогени. Ако същия човек също така пуши цигари и пие твърд алкохол, ще се учуди ли някой, че ще се разболее? Такива хора, които са с ниска хигиена, не спортуват, прекаляват с телефоните, ядат и пият каквото им попадне, пушат и пият, е по-скоро чудно, ако не се разболеят, а не ако се разболеят.
39
Health / Re: Everything about Aerobics
« Last post by Non-SEO on September 04, 2021, 12:24:35 AM »
Continuing with the reverse turn.

Reverse turn starts with you facing towards the right and ends with you facing towards the left. (Or vice versa.) Please be careful when doing this move. Some people prefer not to do it at all. Exercise your own judgment and be safe!

This move is done in 4 phases:

1. Step up on the bench with your lead foot.
2. Step back and up on the bench with your other foot. (You are now on top of the bench).
3. Step down with your lead foot.
4. Step down with your other foot. You are facing the opposite way from when you started.

Keep the body erect and hands at the waist while doing this reverse turn exercise.

It's not very difficult. :)
40
Health / Re: Everything about Aerobics
« Last post by Non-SEO on September 03, 2021, 04:54:36 AM »
Step Aerobic Exercises

I started to like step aerobics. I think you can learn the correct techniques for many of the popular aerobic steps. Remember to go through the notes for each exercise which can help to give you some important tips. Many of the exercises have been adapted to include upper body motion as well. As an aerobics instructor you can also experiment with these exercises and make them target more areas of the body. In some cases, you may have to remove parts of exercises to make them easier for special categories of learners such as elderly people or people with knee problems.

Starting with the K-Step.

The K-step starts next to the bench, and steps up and forward, then back again, to form the letter "K" with the bench and your feet.

This move is done in 8 phases:

1. Step up on bench with a lead foot.
2. Bring the other foot up and tap the bench next to the lead foot.
3. Step forward and off the bench with the foot that tapped.
4. Step forward and off the bench with the other foot.
5. Step backwards onto the bench with the lead foot.
6. Bring the other foot back and tap the bench next to the lead foot.
7. Step backward and off the bench with the foot that tapped.
8. Step backwards and off the bench. You are back to the starting position.

The exercise can be done either from left to right or from right to left. Keep the body erect and hands at the waist while doing this K-step exercise.

I like it. :)
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